5 Common Hacking Techniques Used by Hackers

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5 Common Hacking Techniques Used by Hackers

Hacking is one of the most powerful techniques to take advantage of someone’s innocence. You can take it as it can help or destroy based on what the intended user has. Moreover, if you are an individual or running a business, you need robust security solutions to protect your networks, servers, systems, and databases against hackers running anonymous cyber attacks.

This article will let you understand the “Top 5 Hacking Techniques Used by Hackers” to steal the confidential data of innocent individuals or to have unauthorized access to the networks, and systems. Hacking techniques can cause great damage to the assets and reputation of the mentioned entities.

Due to the unethical practices of the hackers, each year thousands of innocent victims have to suffer great losses and the burden of loss of trust in them. However, with the following preventive measures you can ensure the security of your online resources against online threats. What are you waiting for? Let’s get started!

How These Works?

  1. Bait and Switch
  • The hackers purchase advertising space on any website by using Bait and Switch.
  • Next, design a captivating advertisement on the website’s page.
  • When visitors visit that page, they are typically persuaded to click on the advertisement because of the way it is presented to them.
  • The user is taken to a malicious website when he clicks on the advertisement.
  • In this manner, hackers can infect the victim’s PC with malicious programs and make use of personal data.
  1. Virus, Trojan, and Other Spyware
  • To gain unprivileged access, the attacker installs viruses, Trojan horses, and other malicious malware on the victim’s computer.
  • Trojan horses and other viruses constantly transmit data to hackers.
  • They can also carry out a number of other functions on the victim’s machine, such as traffic diverting and data sniffing.
  1. Cookie Theft
  • We look for different websites using browsers.
  • Cookies are stored by those websites in your browser.
  • This contains our search history, a few passwords from our accounts, and other helpful data.
  • An attacker can execute attacks after authenticating himself as you on a browser by accessing the cookie session in your browser.
  • To ensure security from such assaults, it’s always a good idea to routinely clean the search history and cache on your browser.
  1. Denial of Service

  • In order to bring down the system, this hacking approach entails bombarding the network with an enormous number of data packets.
  • In this way, the system crashes in real time, preventing consumers from using the service.
  • In order to slow down the system and prevent it from responding to real, authentic requests from users, hackers send out too frequent queries.
  • Zombies or computers are utilized in another assault known as DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) to achieve the same goal by flooding the targeted system.
  • If the attack is unsuccessful each time, more data packets or requests are needed to satisfy its requirements.
  • To ensure they are protected against these assaults, you should always use reliable anti-malware software together with additional security precautions.
  1. Keylogger

  • Keylogger is software that records keystrokes and saves them to a file on your computer when you press keys on your keyboard.
  • These log files may include sensitive and helpful user information, like account details and passwords.
  • Use security programs to periodically check your computer for this kind of theft, and if you have any suspicions during login, use a virtual keyboard for transactions.
  • Installing reputable antivirus software that routinely scans your computer for viruses and other threats is always a smart idea.
  • For added system protection, make sure your Windows firewall is activated. Additionally, avoid responding to phony emails and offers.
  • A safer alternative is to install software from a reputable software vendor. Additionally, stay away from accessing public Wi-Fi networks for sensitive data exchanges and transactions.

Preventive Measures

S.No. Attacks Preventive Measures
1. Bait and Switch a)      Educate Users:

Teach people to spot phishing efforts and stay away from dubious links.

Stress how crucial it is to confirm a website’s legitimacy before inputting any important information.

b)      Use HTTPS:

Make sure your website encrypts data in transit using HTTPS to stop hackers from intercepting private data.

c)       Regular Audits:

To find and eliminate any malicious content, regularly check the links and content on your website.

2. Virus, Trojan, and Other Spyware a)      Install Antivirus Software:

To identify and get rid of trojans, spyware, and viruses, use reliable antivirus software and keep it updated.

b)      Regular Software Updates:

Update operating systems, apps, and software to fix vulnerabilities that malware might exploit.

c)       Firewall Protection:

Install firewalls to prevent unwanted access by monitoring and managing incoming and outgoing network traffic.

3. Cookie Theft a)      Secure Cookies:

Employ secure cookies that have the “Secure” and “HttpOnly” properties to stop client-side scripts from accessing them.

b)      Encrypt Communication:

Use HTTPS to encrypt data while it is being transmitted, safeguarding private data that is exchanged between the user’s browser and the server.

c)       Session Management:

To lessen the chance of cookie theft or session hijacking, use secure session management techniques.

4. Denial of Service (DoS) a)      Traffic Filtering:

Use traffic filtering to stop harmful traffic from overwhelming the network or system by identifying and blocking it.

b)      Load Balancing:

To avoid a single point of failure, use load-balancing techniques to divide network traffic across several servers.

c)       DDoS Protection Services:

Take into account employing Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) defense services, which can assist in reducing and absorbing extensive attacks.

5. Keylogger a)      Use Antivirus Software:

Use antivirus software that has keylogger detection and removal capabilities.

b)      Regular Scans:

Run routine system checks to find and get rid of any malware, including keyloggers.

c)       User Education:

To prevent keylogger infestations, teach users to exercise caution while downloading files or clicking on links from unidentified or untrusted sources.

d)      Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA):

Even if login credentials are stolen, use multi-factor authentication to provide an additional degree of protection.

About The Author

Suraj Koli is a content specialist with expertise in Cybersecurity and B2B Domains. He has provided his skills for the News4Hackers Blog and Craw Security. Moreover, he has written content for various sectors Business, Law, Food & Beverage, Entertainment, and many others. Koli established his center of the field in a very amazing scenario. Simply said, he started his career selling products, where he enhanced his skills in understanding the product and the point of view of clients from the customer’s perspective, which simplified his journey in the long run. It makes him an interesting personality among other writers. Currently, he is a regular writer at Craw Security.

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