Basic Skills That Everyone Must Have To Be A Hacker
Ethical hacking is the testing on the computer system to compromise the system for testing the security of the computer system. It is the way to find the vulnerability in the system network and hosts. The ethical hacker is tested every possible way to get unauthorized access to the device for if they found any bug so they can report and fix the bug and prevent the computer system from the blackhat hackers. The basic definition is to prevent unauthorized persons from protecting data, personal information, and the Internet. However, technological development seems to have surpassed this general concept, so network security has become greater than it was a few years ago.
Below is given some skills every hacker must have knowledge about it:
Basic Computer Skill
Basic Computer skills are information and capacity which permit one to utilize computers and related innovation. Commonly, fundamental computer skills incorporate managing computer files, information handling, and making presentations. Progressed computer skills incorporate programming/scripting, managing databases, and running calculations using spreadsheets. The absolute most fundamental computer skills are MS Office, Spreadsheets, Email, Social Media, Database Management, Enterprise system, Web, and so forth. An ethical hacker should be a computer system master.
Programming is the process of designing and developing programs for specific projects. Programming may vary from project to project. On the other hand, according to our program, we use several programming languages to program. If there is no programming and no programmers, life will become too much. Hard.
Programming is the fundamental ability that a hacker ought to have and dominate. On the off chance that you don’t have a clue about any programming, start by learning a fundamental language like Python or Java. These amazing and very much recorded dialects could be adapted without any problem.
For a hacker, it is necessary to learn to use more than one programming language. Such as Python, JAVA, C++, etc. There are many free e-books and study guides on the Internet. The key lies in your persistence and hard work.
Basic Hardware Knowledge
In all actuality, principle hacking begins from hardware. Presently, the machine has an awesome programming security system; in any case, they [hackers] couldn’t care less about the hardware security, so you can play with their hardware in the event that you can get to it.
In order to be able to hack wireless, you must first understand how it works. Things like encryption algorithms (WEP, WPA, WPA2), four-way handshake, and WPS. In addition, understand the legal constraints such as connection and authentication protocols and wireless technology.
The principal goal to learn Linux for a hacker is, as far as security is concerned, Linux is safer than some other OS(operating system). It doesn’t imply that Linux is 100% secure; it has some malware for it yet is less defenseless than some other operating system. Along these lines, it doesn’t need any anti-virus software. UNIX/LINUX is an open-source operating system with higher security. It was first developed by AT&T Labs and is widely used in the security community. Without understanding UNIX/LINUX, it is impossible to become a hacker.
In addition to Windows, there are different types and versions of operating systems such as UNIX/LINUX and Mac. Each operating system has its own vulnerabilities. Hackers need to understand these systems to discover the vulnerabilities.
DBMS is the process of creating and dealing with all databases. Accessing a database where all the data is kept can put the organization in a great deal of danger, so guaranteeing its product is hack-proof is critical. An ethical hacker should have a good understanding of this, various database engines and data schemas, as well as associations, should help in building a solid DBMS.
Networking skills are vital in the field of hacking. Practically all gadgets are associated with the network. Assume if a hacker admits to the victim network. So he/she can do anything with the victim’s computers. An ethical hacker can likewise think about the information on networking. So he/she can tackle the issues if any blackhat hacker can assault the organization.
This is another essential basic condition for learning network knowledge and understanding the composition of the network. Understand the differences between different types of networks, and have a clear understanding of TCP/IP and UDP protocols. These are all essential skills to find loopholes in the system. Understand the importance of LAN, WAN, VPN, and firewall, and be proficient in network scanning and packet analysis tools such as Wireshark and NMAP.
Errors Handling skills assist one with deciding the wellspring of an issue and track down a viable arrangement. Aside from the specialized skills pointed over, an ethical hacker additionally should be a basic scholar and dynamic issue solver. They should be needing to learn new ways and guarantee all security breaks are entirely checked. This requires huge loads of testing and a shrewd propensity to devices better approaches for Error Handling.
As a good hacker, password technology is also indispensable. Encryption and decryption are both important hacker skills. It is widely used in various information systems security technologies, such as identity verification and data integrity and confidentiality. The most common form of encryption is a variety of passwords to enter the system, and these passwords need to be cracked when the system is invaded, that is, decryption.