Ethical Hacking Techniques and the Perfect Tools

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Ethical Hacking Techniques

Ethical Hacking Techniques and the Perfect Tools

India has now become the cyberhub for aspirants who want to make their separate identity in the IT Industry as professional ethical hackers. Why? Because several organizations are offering job opportunities for aspirants who have the skills and knowledge related to ethical hacking.

These skills can offer individuals and organizations robust cybersecurity solutions with legal authority against online threats. These threats include – Viruses, Malware, Phishing Attacks, and many more. We have mentioned several ethical hacking techniques and the perfect tools that can help one reduce the chances of unauthorized access by adversaries/ cybercriminals. What are we waiting for? Let’s get started!

Ethical Hacking – An Understanding

Ethical Hacking involves several techniques to identify the security flaws in the networks, systems, servers, databases, or you can say the security infrastructure of the individual/ organization. After the identification, professionals offer robust cybersecurity solutions.

Several professionals with hacking skills and knowledge take the ethical path to help others secure their online and offline resources against online threats. However, some take the wrong path and use such techniques to take advantage of low-level security measures to steal the confidential data of innocent people sharing their private information on online platforms.

Some of the hackers’ types are as follows:

  1. Black-Hat Hackers
  2. White-Hat Hackers
  3. Grey-Hat Hackers
  4. Miscellaneous Hackers
  • Ethical Hackers are known as White Hat Hackers.
  • On the other hand, Black Hat Hackers are also known as Crackers or Unauthorized/ Unethical Hackers.
  • They employ a variety of strategies and tactics to both undermine and safeguard security systems.
  • Through the use of ethical hacking and footprinting techniques, as much information as possible about targeted systems and networks can be gathered.

Top Ethical Hacking Techniques

Systems and data can be tested, scanned, and secured by ethical hacking. An ethical hacking PDF can be used to learn ethical hacking techniques, some of which are mentioned below.

S.No. Techniques Define
1. Phishing Phishing is a cyber-attack tactic in which an attacker sends messages purporting to be a reliable source. These messages trick the user into doing things like downloading dangerous files and clicking on dubious links.

A phisher gathers data on the victim’s background at work and in their personal life by using publicly available resources. They then build a trustworthy phony message using this information.

2. Sniffing The process of monitoring and recording every packet that travels across a certain network is known as sniffing. Sniffing tools are used for this. Because it involves tapping phone lines to listen in on conversations, it is sometimes referred to as wiretapping.

The system’s NIC is put into promiscuous mode by a sniffer.

3. Social Engineering Convincing people to divulge their private information is known as social engineering. By preying on people’s trust and ignorance, the attacker tricks the victims.

Social engineering comes in three flavors: computer-, mobile-, and human-based. It is challenging to identify a social engineering assault because of lax security regulations and a lack of hardware or software capabilities to stop it.

4. Footprinting By gathering as much information as possible about a particular targeted system and infrastructure, the hacker uses this ethical hacking technique to identify potential points of penetration.

The hacker may gather information using a variety of technologies and tools to break into an entire system.

5. SQL injection An attack known as SQL injection occurs when a hacker sends a statement or SQL query to a database server, which then updates it as needed. When user input is not adequately cleaned before being used in a SQL query, an SQL injection occurs.

SQL makes it possible to secure a database response. The table names will aid the hacker in comprehending the structure of the database.

6. Enumeration Information collecting is another meaning of enumeration. To identify as many attack routes as possible that can be utilized to exploit the system in the future, the attacker establishes a connection with the victim during this procedure.

An active connection must be made between the hacker and the target host. The vulnerabilities are first tallied and evaluated. Subsequently, the system is scanned for potential threats and assaults. The IP addresses, hostnames, passwords, and usernames are gathered in this way.

Tools to Execute Your Perfect Ethical Hacking Techniques

For the convenience of users, a multitude of ethical hacking tools are available. Ethical hacking tools also support security investigations.

  1. Ettercap

Network and host analysis features are included in Ettercap. Ettercap also includes the ability to sniff SSH connections. It enables you to use API to develop unique plugins. It will also allow you to introduce some characters into the network of the server or the client.

Both passive techniques and a thorough study of the activity are supported by Ettercap. To study efficient security management and control, one might apply online for a cyber security certificate program.

  1. Netsparker

The newest security web application scanner, Netsparker, finds vulnerabilities in online apps automatically. It can be obtained as a SAAS solution. The Netsparker uses cutting-edge scanning technology to identify dead vulnerabilities. Less configuration is needed for the tool. In a brief amount of time, it can scan over 1000 web apps.

  1. Burp Suite

One tool for ethical hacking that is useful for security tests is Burp Suite. It’s useful to have this feature when testing web applications. Numerous tools that aid in the testing process are included.

Approximately 2000 online applications can have their spam detected by the Burp Suite tool. Moreover, open-source software programs can be scanned by it. With the assistance of sophisticated scanning technologies, they are utilized to precisely identify defects and malware.

  1. John the Ripper

Among the most widely used password-cracking tools is John the Ripper. The purpose of the tool is to evaluate the password’s strength. This tool uses brute force methods to crack passwords. Password encryption types can be automatically identified by this tool.

It is superior to all other password-hacking programs because of this capability. This utility uses algorithms like MD4, LDAP, DES, and Hash LM.

  1. Nmap

An open-source security tool called Nmap. The primary functions of this program are network and system security management and auditing. This program is typically used by information security specialists to locate malware, perform network audits, map out networks, and more for both local and distant hosts.

  1. Wireshark

Network traffic is analyzed in real-time using Wire Shark. Sniffing technology is employed. This ethical hacking tool is available as open source. There are additional capabilities, such as a packet browser and power GUI, which lead to different formats.

Furthermore, the utility is compatible with multiple protocols. It works with various operating systems, including Windows and Mac.

  1. OpenVAS

OpenVAS is a tool for identifying security holes on various hosts. It is a network scanner that is available for free. This utility has various capabilities, such as scheduled scans, a web-based interface, and simultaneous scanning of numerous servers. Furthermore, OpenVas and Nagios monitoring tools are integrated.

  1. Angry IP scanner

There is no need to install the Angry IP scanner. Both local and web networks are scanned by the tool. Angry IP is equipped with the most advanced scanning methods. The program is free and open-source, working with a variety of systems. The tool offers special support to hackers.

  1. Iron was

Testing for web application malware is made easier with the Iron tool. It is free and open-source. Furthermore, the tool is a GUI-based application that is simple to use. It supports programming languages such as Ruby and Python.

This application offers reports in many forms, including HTML and RTF. This application can examine almost thirty web apps.

  1. Acunetix
Acunetix Logo

The hacking tool Acunetix is completely automated. This tool keeps one step ahead of any trespassers. The tool audits complicated network and web-related issues. Among the many features is the ability to scan for many types such as SQL injection, XSS, etc. Both cloud and on-premises platforms have them available.

Types Of Ethical Hacking

A list of the various forms of ethical hacking may be found below.

S.No. Types What?
1. Web Application Hacking Web application hacking manipulate applications via their graphical user interfaces (GUIs) to take advantage of Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP).

This either abuses HTTP components or tampers with the Uniform Resource Identifier. Insecure Communications, Cross-Site Scripting, SQL Injection Attacks, and other techniques are utilized to compromise the web application.

2. Social Engineering Convincing people to divulge their private information is known as social engineering. By preying on people’s trust and ignorance, the attacker tricks the victims.

Social engineering comes in three flavors: computer-, mobile-, and human-based. It is challenging to identify a social engineering assault since security standards are becoming less stringent and there are no hardware or software tools available to stop it.

3. System Hacking System hacking is the act of sacrificing computer software to gain access to a target machine and obtain confidential information from it.

A hacker obtains information and data by taking unfair advantage of a computer system’s vulnerabilities. The goals of system hacking are to conceal files, increase privileges, and obtain access.

4. Hacking Wireless Networks Wireless hacking targets wireless networks or access points that provide private data, including WiFi passwords, admin portal access, and authentication attacks. It’s done to get into a private WiFi network.
5. Web Server Hacking Real-time software applications are used to create web content on the server side. This gives hackers the ability to use DoS attacks, port scanning, SYN floods, and sniffing to target the website and steal data, passwords, and company information.

Hackers target web servers intending to make money through extortion, blackmail, sabotage, theft, etc.

How Much Does an Ethical Hacker Earn?

In India, an ethical hacker with experience can make up to INR 40 lakh a year. The typical annual salary for fresh graduates is between INR 2.8 and 5 lakhs. Entry-level ethical hackers should expect to make between ₹10,000,000 and ₹15,000,000 annually.

The high-end compensation is ₹25,00,000+ annually, while the typical wage is between ₹15,00,000 and ₹25,00,000 annually.

Conclusion

Want to learn more about ethical hacking? Join the specially organized training and certification program “Best Ethical Hacking Course in New Delhi,” which is offered by Craw Security in India. This course is specifically career-oriented for IT Aspirants who want to make a great presence in the IT Industry.

Moreover, one will get the chance to learn about various amazing ethical hacking concepts under the supervision of professional ethical hackers working for years in the IT Industry. Apart from that, students will be able to test their skills and knowledge related to ethical hacking in the virtual labs introduced by Craw Security.

After the completion of this course, the students will get a certificate valid in several MNCs. What are you waiting for? Contact, Now!

About The Author

Suraj Koli is a content specialist with expertise in Cybersecurity and B2B Domains. He has provided his skills for the News4Hackers Blog and Craw Security. Moreover, he has written content for various sectors Business, Law, Food & Beverage, Entertainment, and many others. Koli established his center of the field in a very amazing scenario. Simply said, he started his career selling products, where he enhanced his skills in understanding the product and the point of view of clients from the customer’s perspective, which simplified his journey in the long run. It makes him an interesting personality among other writers. Currently, he is a regular writer at Craw Security.

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